Pamela Prince on Rest in Peace? pamea on Bluff, Central Queensland… pamea on Out of Afghanaistan NOw pamea on Children still Work in Mi… Pamela Prince on History of Melbourne & Ram…
Like most Australian colonies the original reason for the British occupation of Victoria was the fear of possible French settlement. By the end of the eighteenth century the coast had been explored extensively by both British and French adventurers.
Reacting to a perceived French threat Lieutenant David Collins, accompanied by a party comprising both convicts and free settlers, landed on the shores of Port Phillip (near Sorrento on the Mornington Peninsular) in October 1803 and a short-lived colony was established.
By May 1804 Collins had gained permission to move the colony to Van Diemen’s Land and his brief attempt at settlement had been abandoned.
Through the 1810’s and 1820’s Port Phillip was regularly visited by whalers and sealers who worked the coast from Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) to South Australia.
The real impetus for permanent settlement came as a result of the land-based explorers who, having explored south from Sydney, had crossed the Murrumbidgee River and pushed on towards the southern coast. Hume and Hovell reached Port Phillip in 1824. They mistook it for Western Port and two years later, acting on their incorrect advice, a military and convict outpost was established on Western Port. It lasted thirteen months.
Around this time the entrepreneurial John Batman, who was living in Van Diemen’s Land, tried to gain approval from the Governor of New South Wales to settle the area around Western Port. He had been encouraged by reports that the land was fertile and the pastures rich. The Governor, fearing problems if a second colony was created, denied Batman permission.
This proved to be a hollow gesture. Eight years later, in November 1834, Edward Henty ignored the rulings of the New South Wales governor and settled at Portland Bay. In early 1835, spurred on by Henty’s example, Batman crossed Bass Strait and in June 1835 infamously ‘purchased‘ the land on the western shore of Port Phillip from the local Aborigines.
At this time Batman explored the shores of Port Phillip and chose a site for a village. Within a year the township of Melbourne began to grow on the banks of the Yarra River.
In 1837 the township of Melbourne was surveyed and named with magistrate, Captain William Lonsdale sent from Sydney to maintain law and order. The attempts to stop settlement had clearly failed and the administration of New South Wales was forced to deal with Victoria as a successful, and semi-autonomous, colony. This was converted into a reality in September 1839 when Charles La Trobe, the newly appointed Superintendent of the Port Phillip District, arrived from England. In his wake the colony established a separate police force, a customs office and, perhaps most importantly, a separate Lands Office.
By 1 July 1851, when the colony of Victoria was officially proclaimed, there were already more than 80 000 people living south of the Murray-Murrumbidgee and over six million sheep were being grazed on well-established properties. ‘’
According to Muriel Clampett’s book, ‘ Whilom Wilderness’
The ‘Lady Nelson’ sailed through the unnamed heads of Port Phillip Bay, February 15th, 1802. Commanded by Lieutenant John Murray, she anchored near what is now known as Portsea.
Murray ordered a 25 day exploration of beach and land around the bay. The Union Jack was hoisted and under scant artillery fire the land was taken in the name of His Majesty King George 3rd of England.
John Batman sailed from the Tamar River in the ‘Rebecca,’ and anchored on the Yarra Yarra River.
He purchased large tracts of land from the Aborigines. The deed of sale was signed by local native chiefs, June 1835, near the Merri River.
Fawkner arrived in October 1835, Melbourne’s first Publican.
Not to be recognized as official or legal.. by the Government of NSW.
‘’Three daughters of John & Elizabeth Ramsdale of Vermont in the Police State of Launceston V.D.L. came to Melbourne. Jane was the first to arrive, with her husband, Horatio Cooper. She bore him 12 children, Elizabeth, norn 1838 was one of the earliest native born and heads the baptismal register of Scot’s Church.. Jane, was a fervent Wesleyan….’’
From left: Peter Handcock and Harry ‘Breaker’ Morant just prior to their deaths, and surgeon Johnson, Frederick Hunt and Englishmen Alfred Taylor and Henry Picton. Photo: Archives
Lieutenant Harry “Breaker” Morant moments before he was executed by a British military firing squad. February 27, 1902.
ALONG with Ned Kelly’s famous last words, ”Such is life”, The Breaker’s final sentence remains one of Australia’s most defining quotes. It was delivered less than 14 months after Federation, as Harry ”Breaker” Morant and fellow lieutenant Peter Joseph Handcock were executed by a British military system that ignored Australia’s newly won sovereignty.
The federal government responded by passing the Defence Act, which ensured no Australian soldier could be executed in similar circumstances. It was an important step in establishing true international independence.
The Breaker Morant case is shrouded in political expediency, cynical pragmatism and a cover-up involving the destruction of key legal documents, including court-martial transcripts.
On his return to Africa in April 1901, Lieutenant Morant enlisted with the newly formed Bushveldt Carbineers, a mainly Australian force raised in South Africa, to fight the Boers in Northern Transvaal on their own terms. No unit was more feared by the Boers than the Bushveldt Carbineers. On August 5, 1901, Capt. Hunt and 17 Carbineers rushed a Boer farmhouse and were surprised to find four times as many Boers as expected. During the attack both Capain Hunt and Sergeant Eland were killed.
According to a witness and corroborated by others, Hunt, who was only wounded, was killed and mutilated, his neck broken, his face stamped upon with hob-nailed boots and his legs slashed with a knife. His body had also been stripped completely of clothes. An enraged and grieving Morant exacted his revenge by executing Visser, a Boer found wearing Hunt’s clothes, and some other Boer prisoners. A German missionary named Hesse was also killed after Morant had suspicions about his motives in speaking with Boer prisoners.
Seven Carbineers, including Lieutenants Morant, thirty years old Peter Joseph Handcock and twenty-seven years old George Ramsdale Witton, were charged with shooting Boer prisoners and the German missionary. Major Thomas, an inexperienced Australian lawyer from Tenterfield, New South Wales, was appointed to defend the Australians. The court-martial began in January 1902. Morant showed nothing but contempt for his judges and accusers. He freely admitted shooting the Boers and justified his actions on the ground that Kitchener himself had given instructions that no prisoners were to be taken. During the court proceedings, the Boers attacked Pietersburg where the trial was being held. The accused men fought bravely and the Boer attack was defeated. It made no difference to the outcome of the trial. The three Australians were found guilty of the murders of the Boers but were acquitted of the murder of the German missionary. Morant and Handcock’s death sentences were signed by Lord Kitchener on 4 February 1902. George Ramsdale Witton’s death sentence was reduced to life in prison.
Game to the last, Morant and Hancock refused to be blindfolded and went before the firing squad at the old Pretoria gaol, Pietersburg in the early morning of 27 February 1902. Hancock’s wife, who lived in Bathurst with her three children, only found out from the newspapers that her husband had been shot. Kitchener later admitted, in writing, that he had issued orders to kill Boers wearing English uniforms!! George Ramsdale Witton went to prison on the Isle of Wight, and after serving nearly three years, his life sentence was overturned by the British House of Commons on August 11, 1905. In 1907, Lieutenant George Ramsdale Witton published his book Scapegoats of the Empire: The True Story of Breaker Morant’s Bushveldt Carbineers (Sydney: Angus and Robertson Publishers, 1907; ISBN: 0207146667; December 1982). A new edition was published in 2004 and the book is now available to read online at The Australian Boer War Memorial. Very few copies of the 1907 edition exist today because, according to one story, the Australian Government considered that its contents could implicate Lord Kitchener and had all copies seized. His biography may be read online at Lieutenant George Witton: Ancestor Details
“The Bushveldt Carbineers and the Pietersburg Light Horse”
by William Woolmore
Lieutenant George Ramsdale Witton
Lieutenants Morant, Handcock and George Ramsdale Witton were charged with shooting or instigating others to shoot eight Boers on 23 August 1901. The “eight Boers” court martial began on 3 February 1902. The facts were generally not disputed by the defence. Lieutenant George Ramsdale Witton’s statement reads as follows:
“I had received my commission as a Lieutenant about six weeks before the 23rd August. I was told what the orders about Boers were as received from Captain Hunt, and I took it they were correct; I did whatever I was told, and raised no objection one way or the other, as it is customary to obey orders.
Captain Hunt and Lieutenant Morant were great friends, and I supposed that all orders were correct that Captain Hunt gave. He was greatly relied upon by all when he came to reform matters at Spelonken, after Captain Robertson left.
On 23rd August one of the Boers rushed at me to seize my carbine, and I shot at him to keep him off.”
ALS – Lyme disease story
- From: “georgia” <jwissmille@xxxxxxx>
- Date: 14 May 2005 18:20:35 -0700
Stronger Every Day
With an iron will and an unconventional new treatment, Charlies Smith
is going toe-to-toe with ALS
06:26 PM CDT on Saturday, April 30, 2005
By BRYAN WOOLLEY / The Dalles Morning News
MULLIN, Texas – Charlie Smith is thinking about what he might do with
the rest of his life.
“I don’t want to go back to trucking,” he says. “I want to be home
every night to see my babies.”
There are ranches for troubled boys in the Central Texas hills where
Charlie lives. Maybe he could work at one of those, he says, or some
place like them. Maybe he could be some kind of counselor.
“I’d like to tell those kids my story and what I’ve been through,” he
says. “Maybe I could help somebody who’s wanting to give up.”
Talking about the future is a strange new thing for Charlie. He wasn’t
supposed to have one.
In December 2002, doctors at the University of Texas Southwestern
Medical Center at Dallas told him he might have amyotrophic lateral
sclerosis (ALS), often called Lou Gehrig’s disease. It weakens the
body’s muscles and then paralyzes them. It kills its victim, sometimes
slowly, sometimes quickly, but always. In June 2003, the doctors
reported that the diagnosis “has been confirmed.”
ALS usually strikes people who are 50 or older. Charlie was only 25.
The Dallas doctors said that he was the youngest ALS victim they had
ever diagnosed and that young ALS victims usually die faster than older
ones. The doctors predicted three to six months for Charlie, maybe a
year. STORY CONTINUES ~
I have included a snapshot of my sister in law Hazel with myself standing by the Lime Tree.. Hazel has very painful feet & each step can be quiet unbearable, still she soldiers on, with the help of my brother Harold who promised, in front of witnesses to be her life partner- back in 1970- which he has..
They have followed advice and kept their bodies slim so there cannot be a blame on the weight of a body, just blame ‘peripheral neuropathy’ the tag doctors give her complaint. With further reading I have found a connection in some cases to Lyme’s Disease. Much is written on Lyme’s Disease, and lucky Australians (or is it private health patients are lucky here) we do not get fobbed off with ‘ there is no such thing in Australia! or do we??)
According to www.ninds.nih.gov/ fact sheet on the topic 2005 version I printed out for my own use, why were my feet sore, why did I have to pick up my foot in my hand and lift it a little higher .. rather than voluntary lifting unaided?? I have the paper here dated 1/28/2008 – they do mention the neuropathy can be a symptom of another disorder. ‘ More than 100 types of peripheral neuropathy can be identified, each with its own characteristic set of symptoms, pattern of development, and prognosis.’
Me with my eye operations, I thought perhaps the antithesis used in 3 operations may have worsened my condition, ~ sure has not helped & thinking about it, it all affects the nervous system. That said, my children notice my walk, lack of direction ~ all of which I am blaming on ability only to see out of one eye.
I am leaving this here, not wishing to bore the reader, and the day is young, I with to enjoy it while I still have the ability to enjoy life..
Brisbane River Eagle Street approach, BRISBANE QLD AUSTRALIA – taken when we made a flying visit to see my optomologist for post op check up..
Millions of bees dead – Bayer’s Gaucho blamed
Synthetic honey and GMO bees – Part II
A French governmental report confirms suspicions of a mass poisoning of bees involving hundreds of thousands of colonies of honey bees. According to the report of the French Scientific and Technical Committee, Bayer’s seed treatment GAUCHO pesticide is to blame – at least in part.
Earlier this year, I published an article by French journalist Michel Dogna, who had investigated the ecological catastrophe and pointed a finger at Bayer’s toxic product. His article – Synthetic honey and GMO bees? – can be found here.
Coalition against Bayer-Dangers, as well as French and German beekepers’ unions are calling for an immediate ban of the pesticide.
France: Governmental report claims BAYER-pesticide GAUCHO responsible for bee-deaths
Coalition against Bayer-Dangers is calling for a ban
November 25th, 2003
The report on bee-deaths, published by the French Comité Scientifique et Technique (CST), shows that the use of the pesticide GAUCHO is jointly responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of bee colonies. Environmental activists and beekeeper unions are calling for a ban on the agricultural toxin.
The summary of the report states: “The results of the examination on the risks of the seeds-treatment GAUCHO are alarming. The treatment of seeds by GAUCHO is a significant risk to bees in several stages of life.” The 108-page report was made by order of the agricultural ministry of France by the universities of Caen and Metz as well as by the Pasteur Institute.
The use of GAUCHO on sunflowers was prohibited in France four years ago because of the high risk to bees. However after this step, the bee-deaths did not decrease noticeably – beekeepers are blaming this on the extensive use of agricultural toxins in maize cultivation. The concluding-report of the CST agrees, stating: “Concerning the treatment of maize-seeds by GAUCHO, the results are as alarming as with sunflowers. The consumption of contaminated pollen can lead to an increased mortality of care-taking-bees, which can explain the persisting bee-deaths even after the ban of the treatment on sunflowers”.
The pesticide GAUCHO (containing the active substance Imidacloprid) is produced by the German BAYER-group. With an annual turnover of more than 500 million Euro this is the groupÂ´s top selling agricultural agent. Critics assume that the high sales figures are the reason why the company is contesting a ban on its use.
The original topic was just as shocking:
Drugs company Bayer realised their product had been contaminated with AIDS, so what did they do, they still sold
Thank you to my facebook friends & associates for this information.. Pamea
Strange World when there is enough food wasted, thrown out to enable people to scrounge a feed. Here in OZ they ask us Pensioners to donate, phone for donations whilst government will dig up a garden in a public hospital that has cost 10,000 dollars to establish to alter the plumbing – something that should have been planned better originally & saved that 10k and more..
Freeganism, which popped up in the early 90s, rejects the idea of overspending as a “national addiction,” according to New York City freeganist, Madline Nelson. The movement goes beyond veganism’s rejection of animal products and bucks consumerism for sustainability. It has spread worldwide, with Freeganist websites in French, Norwegian and Portuguese.
Freeganists practice dumpster diving for food, composting and recycling. They also walk or bike instead of driving, “squat” in abandoned buildings, eat local and “work less,” according to the freegan.info website.
“These options are available to most people on a mortgage treadmill,” said Nelson. “They don’t need to wait to go to a nursing home before they downsize.”
Don Emmert/AFP/Getty Images
Cindy Rosin, who calls herself a “Freegan”,… View Full Size
Don Emmert/AFP/Getty Images
Cindy Rosin, who calls herself a “Freegan”, opens a garbage bag filled with bagels outside a bagel shop in New York.
WNN Paper: Trash For Sale Watch Video
YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT THE GOVERNMENTS WILL COME UP WITH AGAIN..
Landfill Trash or Treasure? Watch Video
Hungry Bear Goes Dumpster Diving Watch Video
In the U.S., trash tours are organized to introduce more people to the Freeganism concept of dumpster diving. There are 16 active Dumpster Diving groups in the U.S. on Meetup.com, including groups in Washington D.C., Boston and L.A. They operate differently based on the participants and geography of the city, Nelson said. In L.A., Freeganists pile up in carpools to pick through store trash.
According to Nelson, the NYC trash tours attract participants across age, class and professional divide and have grown noticeably since the recession in 2008. She said that the tours currently attract, on average 40 people, as opposed to the 10 or so who used to attend pre-2008.
“I think there are more people coming because this might be a way to make ends meet,” said Nelson.”We have shown literally thousands of discrete individuals how to go dumpster diving and trash picking in this city.”
Dumpster Diving For Food
Shortly before she opted out of her job as director of Internet communications for Barnes and Noble in 2005, Nelson began dumpster diving for free food as part of her non-consumerist lifestyle.
“The bottom of the food pyramid for me is still dumpster diving, in terms of volume,” Nelson said. “More food comes from that than other means.”
According to Nelson, Freeganists typically find food in dumpsters outside of food stores such as Whole Foods, Trader Joe’s, and Duane Reade an hour after these stores close. Pre-packed meals, yogurt and fruits — bananas are thrown out in “shocking quantities” — are all tested by the dumpster divers for their temperature. In the summer months, if these foods are not cold, they are left behind.